Senior Health

Aging healthily and staying vital with the right diet

Gabriella Harrietta No Comments

Diet is the basis for physical well-being and quality of life. It has a huge impact on your health. The social component is also important: shopping, food preparation, and the food itself, which is a good occasion for socializing.

Seniors are particularly influenced by certain dietary habits. If the doctor recommends a change in diet, he should therefore know the individual eating habits. It is best to discuss the changes in behavior with the doctor and patient.

Seniors should decide independently about their diet. It is important, however, that they are adequately informed about the effects of diet on their health. The first, important step is to know what makes a healthy diet. And if you have some dietary files for your elders, you may convert them through

Reasons for poor nutrition: large kitchens, disability, loose dentures

Many seniors are dependent on communal catering, for example in a senior citizen’s home or a nursing home. Unfortunately, the health aspects of nutrition are often neglected in large kitchens. This still applies today in many large kitchens that work in homes, clinics, or for “meals on wheels “.

Frailty and disabilities also contribute to malnutrition. With limited mobility, it is not always possible to have fresh fruit and vegetables. Another reason for malnutrition in old age: Restrictions on the chewing apparatus such as missing or diseased teeth or poorly fitting dentures. This means that sometimes only pudding, yogurt, and applesauce are on the menu.

Circumstances that can influence eating behavior in old age

  • Thirst, appetite, hunger, and the ability to sense taste may decrease.
  • Problems with the teeth or the denture can lead to difficulty chewing and a one-sided choice of food.
  • Fragility and disability can lead to difficulty in shopping and cooking.
  • The digestive organs become less active which can lead to constipation.
  • Acute or chronic illnesses require diet changes.
  • Depression, poor memory, and dementia can negatively affect food intake.
  • Medications can cause or worsen nutritional problems. One example is pain medication, which often causes stomach problems.

Seniors need fewer calories but a lot of nutrients

From the age of thirty, the body’s energy consumption continues to decrease, and the need for calories decreases. This is the result of a lower basal metabolic rate, decreasing muscle mass, and less physical activity.

Senior health: the most common problems in old age

Gabriella Harrietta No Comments

The physical changes that occur in old age also bring health problems with them. Seniors often suffer from several illnesses at the same time. Often these are accompanied by mental and physical limitations. The combination of both can in turn result in frailty and thus lower resilience and an increased risk of illness.

Which problems are most common?

Many diseases such as high blood pressure, heart attack, or stroke occur more frequently in old age than in younger years – but they are not typical signs of old age. The situation is different from signs of illness that occur when several organ systems are restricted in their function due to signs of age and the interplay between the brain, nerves, and muscles is lacking. Having to walk in a near shop to buy limo cover would be a bit challenging for seniors.


About 15% of women over 65 and about 7% of men are affected by incontinence, and about 25% of those over 80 – if they live at home. For nursing home residents, the numbers are twice as high.

Risk of falling

Due to the decrease in muscle mass and strength, deterioration in vision and balance, 30% of those over 65 and 50% of those over 80 fall at least once a year.

Gait disorders

With increasing age, more and more people need a walking aid: gait changes are the result of the deteriorated movement sequences and general gait uncertainty due to the reduced activity of the sensory organs. The walking speed decreases every year – if the speed falls below 1.4 meters per second, everyday difficulties arise, for example during the green phase of a traffic light.


More than a quarter of all 65-year-olds complain of dizziness, which is often caused by the poor interaction between the balance organ, eyes, and musculoskeletal system.


For many older people, difficulty swallowing, decreased feeling of hunger, and chewing problems, for example, due to a poorly fitting prosthesis, lead in the long term to an undersupply of proteins and micronutrients. While this problem affects around 4% of all elderly people, it affects two-thirds of all nursing home residents. Persistent malnutrition leads to an increase in the incidence of illness and death.

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